Future Communications of Mankind

Future Communications of Mankind

Communication could be defined as passing information from one location to the other. We humans are good at communications because we developed a better tool than all other organisms on earth. That tool is language. We created languages. Languages are nothing more than organized signals of messaging. Animals use sound systems but they do not qualify as languages. They might be languages but they are very limited. Our communication skills got better because of the invention on languages.

In contrary to the communications, the information to be passed from location to location is always present. Just because we did not pass the information from one place to the other does not mean that the information is not there. Information and communication are interconnected but are two entirely separate entities. We should treat them separately in order to understand communication and its future.

After developing languages in the early history of humans, we made them organized with grammar. Languages did not have written forms in the beginning. Humans developed written forms of languages to better communicate without using sound. Letters were initially symbols and much more complicated. Unlike today’s letters the early day letters represented whole events or messages. Later on breakdown of such symbols resulted in letters to be used as syllables of sound. It is after the usage of symbols or letters to represent the syllables of sound that the language started to develop drastically.

We also needed to construct languages when we invented computers. We needed to pass the message to the computer and wanted the computer to pass messages to us. There are several computing languages that were created by humans. We do not have access to information that cannot be passed out through language.

For example, people say that they couldn’t explain a feeling with words. You might have heard people saying that words are not enough. It is not just an expression. It is real that our languages are not sufficient to communicate certain information. However, our communication skills and systems have enabled us reach higher achievements.

The future of the communications will need to make sure that all information could be communicated. The future of communications will definitely be influenced by technology. As we have now, there is information communication technology. This will breakdown in the following years into information technology and communication technology. As mentioned above, information and communication are two entirely different entities.

The information technology will focus mainly on gathering, storing and processing information. The communications technology will focus only on communicating. We are already at a point where these two are to be separated. Once these two fields are separated, the future of communications will begin.

After inventing languages, we started using tools to communicate. We still used languages but used tools to apply the language to communicate information. The pen and paper method was prevalent for centuries. Once we had invented electronic media, we had shifted towards the electronic media. The internet was one of the major developments in the communications history of mankind. We now communicate mostly through the internet. All our mobile phones work through a similar system as well.

The early day electronic communications required larger equipment and special locations. Now we have that communication in our pockets. The next step is to bring that communication system inside our physical body. There have been advances made in this direction so that we could one day have the communications system within our body.

Universities and research institutions have carried out experiments where people with disorders have voluntarily participated. The major theme in these experiments was to place a chip in the cortical column of the brain and act as an intermediate communicator between the brain and an assigned computer. The cortical column is a highly sophisticated and outermost layer of the brain where it is believed that our thoughts are processed. Scientists have figured out a way of accumulating the waves produced by our thoughts and translating them into a language that computers could understand. This has made it possible for computers to get commands directly from our brain. The experiments carried out so far had people moving curser pointers on computer screen with their thoughts. It had worked successfully. There have been records of people browsing the internet with their brain. There have been instances of people moving synthetic limbs thorough the same concept.

It is the current state of the future communications technology. This is called the Brain Computer Interface or BCI as abbreviation. BCI is a very advancing stream of science and is proving to be very successful. In BCI the human brain is only communicating with a computer. When this technology would enable people to communicate between people with the aid of computer chips implanted in their brains, then we will reach the future of communications.

There are two major concerns to achieving this state. The first concern is the ethics of placing a chip inside a human brain. There will always be people who support the idea and oppose the idea. If majority of the people didn’t want to do this, then it couldn’t be done. The second concern is to permanently placing such devices inside human brain. The permanent placement of such devices would require energy for them to run, clinical safety and the precision manufacturing. If such a device fails within the brain, replacement would require a surgery. No one will want to open up their skull just to recharge or repair the equipment.

Compared to what is expected in the future communications technology, the current BCI researches are still at their infancies. We will need these devices to be able to translate and then broadcast signals wirelessly. And the signal should be strong enough to be picked up by the signal transmission towers. To achieve this, the device will need much power like our phones. We should either place a battery that should power the device for a life time or should place a mechanism that will keep on charging the device. Placing a battery is not very practical based on our experiences on cell phones. Placing a mechanism is very possible.

Our body generates heat and this heat is transported by our blood stream. If the device could be assigned a mechanism through which the thermal energy could be transformed into electricity, then the power problem will be solved. There are such devices today. There are watches that function on body heat for example.

Producing signals is a concern. The emitted signal might damage the brain cells with radiation. The equipment will get heated with operation. No one would want to bake their brain inside out. We are still decades away from such a technology to exist but that is where we are headed.

Once this technology is in place, we will be able to communicate feelings with people but not by words. When we communicate to someone now, we only try to explain our feelings with words. That is why we say words are not enough. If the chips are capable of receiving our brain waves and communicating the same to another person, then the other person will receive exactly what we had in our mind. If you are sad or happy, the other person on the communication will feel exactly what you feel.

When we say that we are imagining something, we cannot explain our imagination to the fullest to someone. Once this technology is made available, we will be able to share our imaginations with others. We can record and preview our dreams. We can share dreams with others in real time. By the time the technology would reach such a point, we will have self driving vehicles. We will not need to drive. We will not need to press buttons on the car. We can communicate to the car with our mind and the car will take us where we want to go.

It is hard to fully imagine something before it ever existed. The future is not here yet. We can only predict and anticipate it. People can simply predict where the current technologies will take us in the future. If people are to anticipate, they will always want a better system than present. We are going to have a better communications system in the future than we can imagine now.

We all expect something better to happen in our lives. If we think about it cumulatively for humanity, then we need better lives for all. Below are some videos that will explain the advancement of communication technology. These are just the beginning. Later on, we will have even better systems.

Why Use Prepaid Phone Cards

Why Use Prepaid Phone Cards?

Making calls locally and internationally remain to be very important. Calls are made every day, whether you have a need to keep in touch with your friends or family, to make important business calls, to place orders or to make important enquiries. Everyone wishes to have a smooth conversation from beginning to end, whether for local or international calls and calling cards offer such experience. They are usually prepaid and have an easy process of refilling ensuring that you never run out of calling minutes. Here are some reasons why you might find the phone cards more beneficial.

1. They offer very low calling rates, especially for long distance or international calls compared to traditional calling services. This is probably because they offer higher denominations and hence the rates are discounted allowing you to save a huge percent of your calling costs. You enjoy the rates and you do not have to switch carrier to enjoy the card offers.

2. The calling cards also come with the advantage that they can be used on any given phone be it a home phone, an office phone or a cell phone. This brings in plenty of convenience regardless of where you were at the time you needed to make that important call. They also offer better minute rates besides the amazing convenience of using on any phone.

3. The phone cards come in handy for vacations and travels because they make calling home or making other international calls a walk in the park for you. As long as you have the prepaid card, you do not have to worry about making calls when you need to. They will help you save calling costs in hotels and airports as well as from your cell phone which can be quite costly. You only need to confirm that the card usage is allowed from where you are going

4. They are easy to manage in terms of budget. This is thanks to the varying denominations that you will get the cards in. You can choose the larger denominations or smaller ones depending on your monthly calling needs and budget even for long distance calls. It simply means that you do not have to be worried about avoid hefty phone bills that you find to account for at the end of the month. You enjoy more accuracy with your budget and you remain in a position to manage your usage, which helps you stay within your limits.

5. The calling cards also come with the advantage of convenience and time saving. You only need to pick the phone and make your calls without any other requirements. Card providers have taken convenience a notch higher by making it possible for users to refill or recharge their phone cards online to continue enjoying convenient calling. You do not have to run to the shop to get airtime when you run out of minutes because you can recharge from the comfort of your office or home to continue enjoying the calls.

Calling cards are not only convenient but are also very practical in saving you costs on both local and international calls. Choose phone cards that have all the features that make your life a bit easier as far as the calls go.

Acoustic Source Localisation

Acoustic Source Localisation

Performance of certain direction of arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms using a uniform linear array of scalar sensors has been analyzed and reported. Velocity hydrophones, which measure one Cartesian component of the three-dimensional particle velocity vector of the incident wave field, were first reported in underwater acoustics literature in 1956. But the importance of simultaneously measuring both pressure and particle velocity was recognized almost three decades later when Mann etc. published a classic paper addressing the fundamentals of energy transfer in acoustic field.

The relevance of this new approach was further elucidated by G. L. D’Spain. The technology of vector hydrophones or acoustic vector sensors (AVS), consisting of three orthogonally oriented velocity hydrophones plus a pressure hydrophone, all spatially collocated, for simultaneous measurement of pressure and particle velocities is of relatively recent vintage. It has attracted considerable interest, especially within the signal processing community, after Nehorai and Paldi presented the AVS measurement model and a method for localising acoustic sources using an array of such sensors. Hochwald and Nehorai later addressed the important issue of identifiability with vector sensors, namely, the bound on the number of sources identifiable in a class of array processing models with multiple parameters and signals per source. Hawkes and Nehorai have quantified the impact of sensor locations on the performance (Cramer Rao Bound) of an AVS array.

In a separate paper they have defined some performance measures such as mean square angular error (MSAE) and mean square range error (MSRE) and derived asymptotic lower bounds on these quantities in terms of the CRB. The same authors have also discussed the correlations between the measurements within an AVS as well as between two spatially separated acoustic vector sensors. They have also analysed the effect of a reflecting boundary and presented a fast method for localising a wideband source using a distributed AVS array.

A host of beamforming techniques using vector sensors have also appeared in the literature. Wong and Zoltowski introduced ESPRIT-based closed form source localisation for arbitrarily spaced 3D arrays of vector hydrophones. They have also proposed aperture extension using a uniform rectangular array of vector hydrophones spaced much farther than half a wavelength to achieve enhanced array resolution and direction-finding precision. Narrowband Beamforming and Capon direction estimation methods with an AVS array have been discussed by Hawkes and Nehorai. Root-MUSIC based azimuth-elevation DOA estimation technique using uniformly spaced velocity hydrophones has been developed by Wong and Zoltowski. They have also proposed a blind MUSIC-based source localisation algorithm using arbitrary 3D array of vector hydrophones. The same authors have also presented a near-field/far-field azimuth-elevation angle estimation algorithm using a single vector hydrophone

How To Develop Interpersonal Communication

How To Develop Interpersonal Communication

This particular concept of communication gradually got narrowed down to various categories of which the very common are mass communication, intrapersonal communication and interpersonal communication. These categories became subjects of interest in fields of both communication and psychology and the one that the masses can identify themselves with, is interpersonal communication.

The concept of interpersonal communication is not as difficult as it sounds. It is as simple as having a conversation! Yes! That is what it is. When two people communicate with each other, we call it ‘interpersonal communication’. You call it a conversation, psychology calls it interpersonal communication. That is because psychology views it as not just a conversation, but your way of exchanging ideas, your body language, your ability to maintain eye contact and your grip on the topic. It is not just words that get communicated! Your eyes, your body language and your way of speaking to the other person speak more than mere words.

Well, to simplify, if while talking, you are unable to maintain eye contact and show restlessness then there are chances that you are either lying or hiding something even if you don’t say it out!Words can be deceiving, you see! Technically, it’s a message sending and message receiving process but I would rather go for the simpler version.

The concept might be new but its roots can be traced back to prehistoric times. Even if we were devoid of a civilized society and a script, we did know to communicate!We chose to communicate through sounds and actions, couples had to express after all! Thus, interpersonal communication found itself divided into two. One is the verbal communication and the other is non-verbal. As the name suggests, verbal communication is communication through words injected with sense and grammar. This is where communication became easy. What I find interesting is non-verbal communication. Non-verbal communication came with choices. People used their own way to communicate. Some used the sign language, while some used symbols on paper.

There is another interesting side to interpersonal communication. People show more willingness to talk to a person who is well dressed and impressive. Certain people make their choices based on their background, life instances, character and the like. When you are comfortable with your partner or you share similarities, communication becomes easier and vice versa.

So, next time you step out and have a conversation with someone, you will know there is a lot more to those words that they speak. Happy conversing!

Fiber Optics Technology Is The Future Of Communications

Fiber Optics Technology Is The Future Of Communications

The use of fiber optics in 21st century communication has radically altered the landscape for transmitting data and information from one location to another. By definition, this technology is a means of communicating information using pulses of light that are sent through an optical cable. These light particles become a kind of electromagnetic carrier wave that are configured to carry various types of signals, such as those we use in telephones, the Internet, and cable television.

Early History

Although this approach was first developed and used commercially in the latter part of the 20th century, the concept of applying fiber optics as a method of transmission goes back to the late 19th century. It was the father of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, who invented a device, and he named the Photophone in 1880. This invention would permit sound to be transmitted, or carried, on a beam of light. Though successfully tested, the technology to securely transport a light beam was lacking and, as a result, the practical use of this development was limited.

Development And Modern Applications

Building on Bell’s earlier work, fiber optics came of age in the late 1970s. Advances in micro-fine glass cables, developments of laser applications that could send light beams over long distances, and a growing demand for better quality and faster speeds caused the rapid evolution of this information transmission process and its increasing use in both public and private sectors.

Today, this methodology is well into its fourth generation. Use of newer technologies, such as optical amplification, has resulted in faster speeds of data transmission that once were thought impossible. In 2006, a single line was able to reach a speed of 14 terabytes per second. A terabyte is 1,000,000,000,000 bytes, which by any measure is an immense quantity of information.

Advantages of Fiber Optics Technology

As these products continue to replace the older copper wire systems that were once a mainstay in telecommunications, several distinct advantages have become readily apparent:

– Increased Bandwidth. A single modern fiber can carry as much as three million voice calls and 90,000 cable television stations.

– No Need For Insulation. Since these wires are not electrical conductors, no added insulation is required for their use.

– Improved Quality of Transmission. With minimal signal degradation, even over long distances, the need for additional equipment, such as repeaters, is significantly reduced resulting in lower costs to service providers and, ultimately, the end user consumers.

– Immunity to Electromagnetic Interference. The signals that are carried through these wires are light and not electromagnetic in nature. As a result, interference from external sources is dramatically minimized.

The Future Of Fiber Optics

Advances in this field of data generation continue to be made almost as fast the transmission speeds themselves. In 2013, an efficient rate of 1.05 petabytes/second (a petabyte is equal to 1024 terabytes or one million gigabytes). Some researchers have reached transmission speeds of 99.7 the speed of light, using new cutting-edge cable materials.

As the demand for faster speeds, larger data packets, and more reliable systems continues to grow, these new communication applications will also be enhanced by new scientific developments to meet the needs of the 21st century and beyond.

Secrets of Effective Business Communication

Secrets of Effective Business Communication

The ability to communicate well is one of the biggest factors in the success of any business organization. You can be an excellent designer, but if you are unable to promote your services and communicate effectively with clients and colleagues, then your potential is limited.

The main areas where communication is essential are:

Attracting potential clients
Customer service
Client meetings

1. Attracting Potential Clients: When you own any business, your livelihood depends on your ability to sell your services. You have to convince prospects that you are the best person for the job, and the following communication secrets in this article will help you do this:

Always ask Right Questions: To sell the services, you have to understand the client’s unique needs. And this can be done only by asking questions that get to the heart of the challenges they are facing. Understanding the problems of the problems, you can pitch your services as the best possible option for the client.

Communicate Professionally: Your professionalism can win you contracts and your communication skills add to the complete package. Proofread all your emails prior to sending and always use a business email address with a proper signature. Always speak articulately and competently at all times.

2. Customer service: Your clients want to feel that they are your priority. And you can make them feel so by providing exemplary customer service. Use the following communication-focused actions to improve your customer service.

Address Problems: If a client is not happy, don’t ignore their complaints. Simply ask them why they are unhappy and what you can do to fix the situation. Your willingness to face the problem head-on tells the client that you care about the project and their satisfaction.

Ask for Feedback: One method of maintaining long-term relationships with your clients is by keeping open lines of communication. It means you should keep on asking them for their input on how things are going and how they feel about the service you are providing. This can be done by inquiring at the end of a project, or during day-to-day conversations or through formal surveys.

3. Clients Meetings: Client meetings are an integral part of every successful business. Try the following tips to make your meetings as productive as possible:

Schedule and Prepare thoroughly: Schedule your meetings in advance to ensures that you and your clients have an adequate amount of uninterrupted time to speak. Take time to prepare an agenda that outlines focus points and sets a structure. Also, sharing the agenda for the meeting gives both you and the client an opportunity to fully prepare.

Speak, Pause and Listen: When you have several topics to discuss, rushing through them to get all of your ideas out may be tempting. But, this can cause confusion and makes the client feel that their input is not important. So, Just slow down and remember that communication is a two-way street. Develop a give-and-take that allows both parties to have their say.

Improving your communication skills is worth the time and effort, but you will be surprised by how much you benefit from more polished and professional interaction.

What do you think? What impact communication had on your business success?

Altura Communication Solutions is trusted as one of the leading providers of Communication Solutions helping to design, deploy and manage networks

The Communication Landscape of France

The Communication Landscape of France

As with all developed countries France also relies heavily on having excellent communications capabilities and therefore pays particular attention to the different types of communication networks it possesses. It possesses a variety of ways by which it communicates locally and abroad.

Telephone usage

In 2009, there were over 36 million telephone users with over 35 million users living in metropolitan France in the same year. The telephone system is highly sophisticated and consists mainly of an extensive cable and microwave radio relay system that employs the fiber-optic cable which is connected directly to the satellite system. France’s international link is adequately covered by the use of 5 antennas – 2 for India and the other 3 for the Atlantic Ocean. It also utilizes HF radiotelephone link with more than 20 countries.


A total of 7 radio national networks operate in France comprising France Inter (Radio France which provides a general variety of programs; France info providing a 24 hour news and information service; France Culture dishes out information on art, culture, science, philosophy and the like; France Musique specializes in classical music and jazz; France Bleu connects and provides programs for regional stations; FIP offers a wide range of music, hip hop, jazz, rock, blues and other music genres. The last national network, Le Mouv’ provides pop music targeting mainly the young population.


Prior to 2012, the people of France enjoyed watching television using the analog viewing system. The system however gradually gave way to digital viewing and it was then projected that by 2012, 95% of the metropolitan population would adapt their sets to digital viewing. The projection was largely accurate. Changes to digital TV started in 2005 with the introduction of Pay TV channels using the MPEG-4. Changes continued and by 2008, only 34% of the French population was using analog TV as the only reception mode. Adaptations persisted and France Télé Numérique was created to help people switch from their analogue TV to digital TV.


France also provides an internet service to its people, having been allocated the internet country code: fr. According to 2000 figures, the country has 62 internet service providers. It also accommodates 15 million internet hosts with the bulk located in metropolitan France. There are an astounding 45.262 million internet users with just over 44 million living in the metropolitan areas, according to 2009 figures.

Mobile phones

France holds its own in the mobile department having the 4 mobile networks of Orange, SFR, Bouygues, Télécom and Free. According to 2009 figures, there was a total of more than 60 million users of cellular phones in France with just over 50 million in metropolitan France. The numbers are not far removed from a population of just over 60 million people and also bespeak of the wealth and technological sophistication of the country. The satellite telecommunications system is under the effective control of TELECOM 1 (TC1) which provides high speed data transfers between different departments of subscribing companies. France’s overseas departments are also provided conventional links for facilitating communications.

Thinking of living, holidaying or buying in France?

Click here to read about living/holidaying in France

Click here to read about buying real estate in France

PropDom – the worldwide property domain for all things regarding holidaying, buying a second home, investing in property and retiring abroad.

Information for everyone and no advertising!

PropDom has covered the following countries so far: UK – France – Portugal – Spain – Mexico – Brazil – Australia – New Zealand – Kenya – Morocco – South Africa – Egypt – Mozambique – Singapore – Thailand – Pakistan

PropDom knowledge section covers: Investment – Financing – Construction – Design – Legal – Furniture – Valuation – Surveying – Terminology – Glossaries – and more

Communication Skills and Its Importance

Communication Skills and Its Importance

Communication is the act of conveying meaningful information about a person/person, this can be vocally (using voice), written (using printed or digital media such as books, magazines, websites or emails), visually (using logos, maps, charts or graphs) or non-verbally (using body language, gestures and the tone and pitch of voice).

In today’s digital age, communication is easily done in several formats, but it’s also important to retain the ability to verbally communicate as well, we share our views and ideas with each other by communicating. Man is a social animal and thus needs the other person to express himself and to live an interactive life. How well this information can be conveyed and received is a measure of how good our communication skills are.

Developing these skills can help in all spheres of our life. Be it an interview or dealing with the project leader or working out a solution with a team or writing a report, getting across the point effectively is what matters. It’s never too late to work on communication and by doing so improve quality of life. Better communication helps in good performance in job.

Communication Skills and its Importance

Professionally, when we apply for jobs or look for promotion with the present employer, there will certainly be a need to demonstrate good communication skills. For example, the ability to: speak appropriately with a wide variety of people whilst maintaining good eye contact, demonstrate a varied vocabulary and tailor language according to the audience, listen effectively so on and so forth. Many of these are important skills that employers seek.

Also it helps us in understanding others, not just their words, but also their tone of voice, their non verbal gestures and what their values and priorities may be. Active listening and reading are also part of being a successful communicator. For career growth, the importance of communication skills increases; the ability to speak, listen, question and write with clarity and conciseness are essential for most managers and leaders. Being able to communicate well with others is often essential to solving problems that inevitably occur both in our private and professional live The process of improving communication involves both how we send and receive messages.

Success in life

Both speaking and writing are reflections of our thoughts, experience, and education. Part of that combination is our level of experience that is listening to other speakers, reading documents and styles of writing and studying formats. It’s the effective communication skills which holds the key to success in many aspects of life. Acquiring and using the skills in the right way is all that matters to achieve our desired goal in life.